|Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal|
June, 2004, Vol. 6, No. 2
© 2004 Stomatologija
Stomatologija 2004; 6 (2): 40-3 253 KB
Oral Health and Children Attitudes Among Mothers and Schoolteachers in Belarus
Bondarik Elena, Leous Petr
The aims of the present study were 1) to collect basic data of dental status of 6 and 12 years old in Belarussian urban and rural areas and monitoring of dental status 2) to analyse oral health habits of schoolchildren and mothers according to urbanization 3) to find out the relation between mother’s educational background and children’s oral health habits and also impact on their own dental knowledge, attitudes and practices 4) to reveal the differences of teacher’s dental knowledge level in comparison with mother’s.
Epidemiological survey was performed at all 6 areas of Belarus. It included as urban as rural areas participation, the subjects for the study were chosen at random. According to the objects of this study, investigation comprised: 1) dental status examination of 2054 6-years old and 1988 12-years old children assessed by DMFT, OHI-S, GI indexes 2) self-administered questioning of 1666 mothers and 244 primary school teachers 3) statistical processing and analyzing of conducted data using ANOVA.
The family is responsible for children life style behavior and habits and represents the primary information about oral health. One way to contribute increasing of oral health awareness of children would provide the up-to-date oral health information, education and motivation of parents. At the same time, the primary schools have great potential for children oral health habits formation due to considerable time are spent in school by children. Results of present investigation show that adult’s oral health habits and level of dental knowledge are key information in realization of children oral health programme.
Key words: preventive programme, caries, periodontal diseases, oral health education.
Received: 15 03 2004
Accepted for publishing: 25 05 2004
Bondarik E - D.D.S., assistant at Department of Concervative Dentistry, Belarusian Medical University, Minsk, Belarus
Leous P - D.D.S., Dr. hab. med., professor at Department of Concervative Dentistry, Belarusian Medical University, Minsk, Belarus
Address correspondence to Dr.E.Bondarik, Belarusian Medical University, Minsk, Belarus.