|Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal|
September, 2021, Vol. 23, No. 3
Knowledge, attitude and practice of dental house surgeons and undergraduate students towards radiation safety and protection: A questionnaire based survey
Is there an association with Wilson’s disease and multiple tongue dysplasia lesions and in situ carcinoma? A case-report based literature review
© 2021 Stomatologija
Stomatologija 2021; 23 (3): 63-8 175 KB
The effect of botox for the correction of the gummy smile: A systematic review
Augustė Razmaitė1, Giedrė Trakinienė2
Purpose. The aim of the systematic review was to analyze the effectiveness of Botox injections for the treatment of the gummy smile.
Materials and methods. The systematic literature search was done in the databases: PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library. The articles published from 2013 to 2020 were searched. Only studies on humans were included in this systematic literature review.
Results. During the initial search a total number of 139 articles were detected. However, after the removal of duplications 105 articles were left. Regarding the application of inclusion and exclusion criteria, 6 articles were selected for this systematic literature review.
Conclusions. The results of this study suggested that botulinum toxin was an efficient method to treat the gummy smile.
Key words: botulinum toxin, gummy smile, excessive gingival exposure treatment, gingival display.
Received: 07 10 2020
Accepted for publishing: 24 09 2021
1Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania
2Department of Orthodontics, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas , Lithuania
Address correspondence to Augustė Razmaitė, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, A. Mickevičiaus street 9, Kaunas, Lithuania.
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