Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal
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September, 2021, Vol. 23, No. 3



The effect of botox for the correction of the gummy smile: A systematic review
Augustė Razmaitė, Giedrė Trakinienė


Immediate implant supported prosthodontic treatment of the edentulous jaw with additional implant stabilization
Roman А. Rozov


Could saliva play a role in controlling the Covid-19 pandemic?
Anna Papadopoulou, Despina Tounta, Christina Tesseromatis


Knowledge, attitude and practice of dental house surgeons and undergraduate students towards radiation safety and protection: A questionnaire based survey
Kirthana Muthu A/P Shanmugam, Ananya Madival, Supriya Bhat, Siti Dzulaikha Amalina Binti Jelani


Is there an association with Wilson’s disease and multiple tongue dysplasia lesions and in situ carcinoma? A case-report based literature review
Dimitris Tatsis, Aggeliki Baliaka, Konstantinos Antoniades

Canalicular adenoma of minor salivary gland. Report of a case and a brief review of the literature
Karakostas Panagiotis, Matiakis Apostolos, Anagnostou Eleftherios, Poulopoulos Athanasios

© 2021 Stomatologija

Stomatologija 2021; 23 (3): 63-8 175 KB

The effect of botox for the correction of the gummy smile: A systematic review

Augustė Razmaitė1, Giedrė Trakinienė2


Purpose. The aim of the systematic review was to analyze the effectiveness of Botox injections for the treatment of the gummy smile.

Materials and methods. The systematic literature search was done in the databases: PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library. The articles published from 2013 to 2020 were searched. Only studies on humans were included in this systematic literature review.

Results. During the initial search a total number of 139 articles were detected. However, after the removal of duplications 105 articles were left. Regarding the application of inclusion and exclusion criteria, 6 articles were selected for this systematic literature review.

Conclusions. The results of this study suggested that botulinum toxin was an efficient method to treat the gummy smile.

Key words: botulinum toxin, gummy smile, excessive gingival exposure treatment, gingival display.

Received: 07 10 2020

Accepted for publishing: 24 09 2021

1Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania

2Department of Orthodontics, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas , Lithuania

Address correspondence to Augustė Razmaitė, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, A. Mickevičiaus street 9, Kaunas, Lithuania.

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