|Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal|
June, 2011, Vol. 13, No. 2
Relationship between radiographic changes in the temporomandibular joint and bone mineral density: A population based study
© 2011 Stomatologija
Stomatologija 2011; 13 (2): 68-72 184 KB
Evaluation of oral health status of retirement-age population in Latvia
Aldis Vidzis, Ingrida Cema, Ingrida Krasta, Anda Brinkmane, Imants Kalnins
Introduction. Latvian government Health care financing regulations do not envisage free dental care in nursing homes. Consequently, in this situation arises need to carry out comparative evaluation of oral health status and quantity indicators of dental prosthodontics among retirement-age population in Latvia.
The aim of the study was to estimate oral health and dental prosthodontics indicators among retirement-age population in Latvia.
Patients and methods. We examinated 465 retirement-age inhabitants in Latvia. We assessed dental status, quantity and quality of the existing complete dental prostheses. We also evaluated the DMF-T index.
Results. Oral health indicators among Latvian retirement-age population are better than those for nursing homes residents in the same age group. Complete dental prostheses used by nursing homes residents do not meet denture’s quality criteria. Retirement-age patients have oral hygiene problems.
Conclusions. DMF-T index among Latvian retirement-age population is lower than among residents of nursing homes. The major component of DMF-T index is the number of lost teeth. The assessment of dental prostheses among residents of nursing homes showed unsatisfactory results. Retirement-age population in Latvia needs treatment of oral mucosal diseases, improvement of oral hygienic measures and increase of amount of dental prosthodontics.
Key words: oral health, edentulousness, nursing homes, prostheses.
Received: 09 08 2010
Accepted for publishing: 24 06 2011
1Department of Prosthodontics, Riga Stradins University, Riga, Latvia
2Department of Oral Pathology, Riga Stradins University, Riga, Latvia
3Department of Therapeutical Dentistry, Riga Stradins University, Riga, Latvia
4Department of Medical Physics, Riga Stradins University, Riga, Latvia
Aldis Vidzis1 D.D.S., Dr. med., assoc. prof.
Ingrida Cema2 D.D.S., Dr. hab. med, prof.
Ingrida Krasta3 D.D.S., lect.
Anda Brinkmane3 D.D.S., Dr. med., assoc. prof.
Imants Kalnins4 Dr. biol., assist. prof.
Address correspondence to: to Ingrida Cema, Department of Oral Pathology, Dzirciema str. 20, Riga, LV 1007, Latvia.