|Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal|
June, 2011, Vol. 13, No. 2
Relationship between radiographic changes in the temporomandibular joint and bone mineral density: A population based study
© 2011 Stomatologija
Stomatologija 2011; 13 (2): 62-7 230 KB
The relation between oral hygiene skills and the prevalence of dental caries among 4 - 6-year-old children
Jaunė Razmienė, Giedrius Vanagas, Eglė Bendoraitienė, Aurelija Vyšniauskaitė
Aim of the study. To evaluate the tooth brushing skills and the prevalence of dental caries as well as its intensity in relation to oral hygiene skills among 4 6-year-old children.
Material and methods. The cross-sectional study was performed from November 16, 2009 to January 12, 2010. 235 children (4 6-year old) were randomly selected from kindergartens in Plungė and Jonava in Lithuania. The results of study were registered in the special forms prepared in accordance with the recommendations of WHO. Parents of the children were asked to fill in the questionnaires.
Results. The results of the study show that 91% (Plungė) and 90% (Jonava) of 4 6-year-old children have caries in their primary teeth. The prevalence of caries is different in relation to age: 78.7% of 4-year-old children, 97.3% of 5-year-old children, and 95.3% of 6-year-old children. The intensity of caries is as follows: 4.9 (SN=±4.9), 7.5 (SN=±4.5), and 8.2 (SN=±4.7).
Conclusions. There is the high prevalence of caries, particularly of not treated forms, among 4 6-year-old children. The oral hygiene index is just satisfactory.
Key words: dental caries, prevalence, intensity, dmf index, oral hygiene.
Received: 14 11 2010
Accepted for publishing: 24 06 2011
1Clinic of Oral Health and Pediatric Dentistry, Academy of Medicine, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences
2Department of Preventive Medicine, Academy of Medicine, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences
Jaunė Razmienė1 PhD student
Giedrius Vanagas2 MD, PhD, lect.
Eglė Bendoraitienė1 D.D.S., PhD, assoc. prof.
Aurelija Vyšniauskaitė1 D.D.S.
Address correspondence to Dr. Jaunė Razmienė, Department of Oral Health and Paediatric Odontology, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Luksos Daumanto Str. 6, LT-50106 Kaunas, Lithuania.