|Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal|
June, 2021, Vol. 23, No. 2
One abutment one time vs repeatable abutment disconnections in implants, restored with cemented / screw retained fixed partial dentures: Marginal bone level changes. A systematic review and meta-analysis
Iatrogenic penetration of the mouth floor during mandibular molar extraction: A case of protracted bleeding in an emergency department and clinico-anatomical considerations
© 2021 Stomatologija
Stomatologija 2021; 23 (2): 48-50 210 KB
The effect of new acrylic full removable dentures on food taste
Elvinas Juzikis*, Justina Klimenko*, Juozas Žilinskas*, Eglė Ivanauskienė*
Objective. To find out how the use of new acrylic full upper removable dentures changes the perception of four basic tastes: sweetness, sourness, saltiness and bitterness, and to evaluate the influence of age and gender.
Material and methods. This study was performed in LSMU MA Faculty of Odontology Department of Prosthodontics during 2017-09-01 – 2018-02-01. All the patients for whom new acrylic upper removable dentures were made were invited to take part. 30 patients have taken part. Sixteen solutions for basic tastes: sweetness, sourness, saltiness and bitterness; were made. The patients were examined without and with their new dentures. The patients were told to rinse an unknown solution starting from the lowest concentration and to identify the taste. Data analysis was performed using SPSS® (IBM®, Armonk, USA) version 23.
Results. Patients with full upper removable dentures felt sweet (p=0.002) and sour (p=0.000) taste weaker than without them, the same tendency was observed with bitter (p=0.063) and salty (p=0.059) taste. The time required to identify the taste was longer with removable dentures than without them (p<0.05). Identification of saltiness became weaker both with and without removable dentures as the age of the patients increased (p<0.05). Bitterness was identified better by women than men both with and without removable dentures (p<0.05). Age and gender had no influence on other basic tastes (p>0.05).
Conclusion. The results of this study confirm the presumption that acrylic full upper removable dentures weaken the taste perception of the patients.
Key words: taste perception, full upper removable denture, palatal coverage.
Received: 13 10 2020
Accepted for publishing: 28 06 2021
*Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Odontology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania
Address correspondence to Justina Klimenko, Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Odontology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Sukilėlių pr. 51, Kaunas, Lithuania.
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