Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal
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June, 2021, Vol. 23, No. 2



One abutment one time vs repeatable abutment disconnections in implants, restored with cemented / screw retained fixed partial dentures: Marginal bone level changes. A systematic review and meta-analysis
Imantas Vatėnas, Tomas Linkevičius


Orthodontic problems among string and wind instrument players
Viktorija Masiulytė, Alvyda Žarovienė, Vilma Švalkauskienė

The effect of new acrylic full removable dentures on food taste
Elvinas Juzikis, Justina Klimenko, Juozas Žilinskas, Eglė Ivanauskienė


Iatrogenic penetration of the mouth floor during mandibular molar extraction: A case of protracted bleeding in an emergency department and clinico-anatomical considerations
Ioannis Papadiochos, Sofia Papadiochou, Andreas-Rafail

Peripheral ossifying fibroma: A case report
Jakub Mokrysz, Zuzanna Nowak, Maciej Chęciński

© 2021 Stomatologija

Stomatologija 2021; 23 (2): 41-7 519 KB

Orthodontic problems among string and wind instrument players

Viktorija Masiulytė1, Alvyda Žarovienė2, Vilma Švalkauskienė2


Background. Specific occlusion problems are caused by playing with wind and string musical instruments for a long time. The aim of the work was to establish the orthodontic problems among piano, string and wind instrument players.

Methods. The sample of the research included 167 students of musical education institutions in Lithuania. Participants were divided into three groups: 52 string (violin and viola) students, 46 wind students and 69 piano students as a control group. They were investigated clinically according to the ICON index. The facial profile was estimated and a questionnaire was given.

Results. More than half of the participants had a convex facial profile, 37.7% – straight and only 4.2% – concave. In total 35.3% of participants and even 61.5% of string students had a crossbite. 1/3-2/3 overlap of the incisors was more frequent in wind instrument players group than in other groups. The average of all participants’ ICON index reached 28.79±15.01 scores: higher values were estimated for violinists and males. Students with crossbite played more hours than without crossbite. A cusp-to-cusp molar relationship (4034.7 hours) was observed in players who played more hours.

Conclusions. Playing the violin might predispose crossbite and playing wind instruments – deep bite.

Key words: music players, musical instruments, malocclusion, orthodontic problems, ICON index.

Received: 20 10 2020

Accepted for publishing: 28 06 2021

1Private practice, Šiauliai, Lithuania

2Department of Orthodontics, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania

Address correspondence to Alvyda Žarovienė, Department of Orthodontics, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lukšos Daumanto street 6, Kaunas, Lithuania.

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