Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal
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March, 2011, Vol. 13, No. 1


© 2011 Stomatologija

Stomatologija 2011; 13 (1): 25-30 356 KB

Transantral distraction devices in correction of severe maxillary deformity in cleft patients

Shokhruh Shokirov, Konrad Wangerin


Maxillary advancement by Le Fort I osteotomy in cleft patients has an average relapse of about 40-60 percent. With extraoral distraction devices it is possible to obtain an almost unlimited advancement of the upper jaw. Due to the social problems the retention period is normally reduced to some monthes. A relapse of 10-25 % can be seen in these cases. Le Fort I internal distraction osteogenesis offers an alternative to one-step orthognathic advancement, with advantages of gradual lengthening through scar and earlier treatment in growing patients. The objective of this study was to present our experience in the treatment of maxillary deficiency in cleft patients using transantral internal distraction devices. The distraction procedure was successfully accomplished in seventeen patients. For all the seventeen patients maxillary distraction device designed by Konrad Wangerin was used. The distraction distances were 8 to 24 mm. Preoperative, postoperative, and follow-up (12 and 24 months) lateral cephalogram measurements were compared including angular and linear changes. A good new bone was found that was formed in distraction pitch between lines of osteotomy. After distraction of median facial zone, occlusion and profile of soft tissues were considerably improved. All patients after postoperative time required final orthodontic treatment and their final occlusal relationships were satisfactory. The transantral distraction device is a new option for the treatment of severe maxillary hypoplasia in cleft patients.

Key words: cleft lip and palate patient, distraction osteogenesis, cleft maxillary distraction.

Received: 30 06 2010

Accepted for publishing: 30 03 2011

1Tashkent Medical Academy

2 Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Marienhospital, Stuttgart, Germany

Shokhruh Shokirov1 – Ph.D.

Konrad Wangerin2 – Prof., Dr. med., Dr. med. dent., Dr. h. c.

Address correspondence to Dr. Konrad Wangerin, Böheimstraße 37, D 70199 Stuttgart, Germany

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