|Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal|
2003, Vol. 5, No. 4
© 2004 Stomatologija
Stomatologija 2003; 5 (4): 144-8 223 KB
Factors influencing the health of periodontal tissue and intensity of dental caries
Eduardas Kelbauskas, Solveiga Kelbauskiene, Pajauta Paipaliene
Having examined 613 of young men whose average age was 21 year, we determined that the most common diseases they had were periodontal diseases (97.2 percent) and dental caries (99 percent). The aim of our work was to find out the factors influencing the status of periodontal diseases and structure of dental caries intensity.
The analysis of the research findings showed that the state of periodontal tissues had direct connection with oral hygiene. The CPITN index of the young men whose oral hygiene is bad appeared to be much higher than that of the men whose oral hygiene is good. Smoking has a negative effect on the periodontal health. Besides, it was determined that the oral hygiene of the men living in the country and having a poorer education was worse than that of the men living in the city.
Smoking and living in the country has no influence on the intensity of dental caries. The intensity of dental caries rises with age. But the whole range of factors influencing the structure of dental caries index (DMF-S) was determined. According to our findings, the number of the decayed tooth surfaces depended on the education, living place, oral hygiene and smoking habits of the young men. The findings of the logistical regression showed that poor education and living in the country, irregular teeth brushing, satisfactory and bad oral hygiene, and smoking are the most important factors connected with a great number of untreated decayed tooth surfaces.
Key words: oral hygiene, smoking, education, periodontal diseases, dental caries
Address correspondence to Dr. Eduardas Kelbauskas: Clinic of Dental and Oral Pathology, 2 Eiveniu str., Kaunas, Lithuania.
Received: 22 10 2003
Accepted for publishing: 27 11 2003