|Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal|
2003, Vol. 5, No. 3
© 2003, Stomatologija
Stomatologija 2003; 5 (3): 97-100 180 KB
The prevalence of gingivitis among 4-16 year old schoolchildren in Kaunas
Jurate Pauraite, Simona Milciuviene, J.Sakalauskiene
The objective of this study is to investigate the incidence of gingivitis and periodontitis among schoolchildren of 6 - 14 years old in Kaunas City.
The state of oral hygiene and incidence of periodontitis was evaluated among 89 schoolchildren between 6-8 years old, 86 schoolchildren between 9-11 years old and 75 schoolchildren between 12-14 years old.
After investigating and evaluating the degree of severity of gingivitis among the schoolchildren, it was stated that benign (light) gingivitis constitutes periodontal lesions among more than half (59,6%) of the schoolchildren, at the age of 6-8 years old, 34,9% at the age of 9-10 years old, and 46,7 % at the age of 12-14 years old. Medium degree of severity of gingivitis was diagnosed only to a very small number of all examined (9,2%).
Evaluating the connection between the incidence of gingivitis and the state of oral hygiene, benign gingivitis was diagnosed to almost half (47,1%) of the examined and gingivitis of medium severity was diagnosed to 44,1% of the examined. However, no periodontal lesion was diagnosed for the majority of schoolchildren with efficient oral hygiene (98,2%).
Trying to improve the health of the oral cavity among schoolchildren, it is necessary to form efficient habits of oral hygiene, combining the efforts of dentists, oral hygienists, teachers, parents and schoolchildren themselves.
Keywords: schoolchildren, prevalence,periodontitis, oral hygiene.
Address correspondence to J.Pauraite, Clinic of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Kaunas Medical University, Luksos Daumanto Str. 6, Kaunas 3000, Lithuania
Received: 22 08 2003
Accepted for publishing: 27 09 2003